Pomegranate oil or Punica granatum, is a fruit shrub or small tree growing 6 to 10 m high. The pomegranate has multiple spiny branches, and is extremely long-lived, with some specimens in France surviving for 200 year.
Pomegranate has been used extensively as a source of traditional remedies in the indian ayurveda system of traditional medicine. The astringent qualities of the flower juice, rind, and tree bark are considered valuable for a variety of purposes, such as stopping nose bleeds and gum bleeds, toning skin, firming-up sagging breasts, and treating hemorrhoids.
Pomegranate extracts (alkaloids) are used to treat intestinal parasite infestations in some countries.
Pomegranate seed oil contains punicid acid ( 65.3%), palmitic acid (4.8%), stearic acid (2.3%), oleic acid (6.3%), and linoleic acid (6.6%).
Compared to the pulp, the inedible pomegranate peel contains as much as three times the total amount of polyphenols. According to Asian legend, the pomegranate was the ‘tree of life’ in the garden of Eden, and from this belief it became the symbol of hope and eternal life.
Pomegranates have been consumed by man since before recorded history. There is a saying in Hindi - "Ek anaar sau bemaar" - meaning one pomegranate can serve one hundred sick people. From ancient times, the fruit was valued for its medicinal properties. According to Ayurveda obese persons should consume the pomegranate fruit as it will improve metabolism and assist in the weight loosening.
Pomegranates are of value in cases of gout, excess uric acid, and acid causing obesity because of its alkalizing and depurant effect. Pomegranates are loaded with Omega 5 CLA oils which have been found to neutralize acids associated with arteriosclerosis, breast cancer, prostate cancer and especially obesity.